Check out ways to get rid of calluses on feet overnight. Learn about the causes of wet and dry corns on foot and the factors affecting them. Also, find out ways to treat them with Listerine, creams, ointments and natural home remedies. Observe where they appear like on the big toe, the bottom of the feet, etc. and take precaution accordingly.
Calluses on feet are a common problem that does not pose a threat to human health. However, it causes physical and moral discomfort and therefore requires treatment. They arise as a result of prolonged mechanical action (friction or pressure) on the skin areas, in fact, it is a protective skin reaction to these factors. The calluses on the feet usually appear as a result of wearing an uncomfortable, tight shoe. Perhaps, every person has at least once in their life come across this problem when wearing new shoes.
Causes and Factors Affecting Calluses
Calluses are a densification on the soles of the feet, a keratinized upper layer of the skin that occurs as a result of mechanical stress and excessive stress on the dermis.
The causes of such formations are as follows.
- Improperly selected or not distributed shoes.
- Long stay in heels.
- Excessive sweating of feet.
The likelihood of appearance and development of calluses on the feet can be provoked by a variety of factors. Some of these are as given below.
The disease affects the skin, its nutrition and metabolism in general. Poor blood supply reduces the ability of the skin to protect itself and withstand mechanical stress.
- Excess Weight
It increases the frequency of calluses on the legs, as it increases the load on the feet.
- Deformation of Foot
In case of the disease, the load on the feet is distributed incorrectly and the pressure in different parts of the skin is uneven. Where it is larger there the callus occurs.
- Pathology of Peripheral Nerve Endings
This ailment is characterized by a decreased sensitivity of the skin, which increases the risk of late diagnosis of calluses.
Various Types of Calluses
Before you decide on ways to get rid of calluses on feet you first need to understand which type of callus you have. So, here are the types of calluses one of which you may be dealing with.
- Wet Calluses
The fact that the calluses are different was noticed long ago.
The blister that is rubbed with shoes is quickly healed but dense calluses on the soles were painful and long disturbed.
So, the most harmless one of these is considered a wet callus or blister. It is formed as a result of rubbing the skin.
This kind of callus is the most common and the most painful.
- Dry Calluses
A second type is a group of dry calluses. Dry callus is a local compaction of the horny (upper) layer of the skin, resulting from constant pressure or friction on a specific area of the skin.
This callus is formed for a long time, and if you just noticed it that does not mean that it appeared yesterday or a month ago.
This group, in turn, is divided into soft and hard calluses. Soft callus is formed between the fingers as a result of their deformation and wearing tight shoes.
The next species is hard callus or cores. They have a rod and cause a feeling similar to a needle prick.
Such calluses are usually located, as a rule, over the joints of the deformed fingers, on the butts of the fingers.
Quite often there are hard calluses near the nails in the rollers or under the fingernails. Sometimes people turn to an ingrown nail, and on examination with a specialist, it turns out that this is a perigranular callus causing pain.
Bases on the types of callus along with the causes and factors affecting them you need to choose a proper way to get rid of calluses on feet.
Ways to Treat Wet Calluses
Treatment of wet and dry calluses is somewhat different, but in both cases, it is necessary to begin with the elimination of the causative factor.
It is necessary to stop wearing uncomfortable shoes, if necessary, to purchase socks without seams, embroideries and other decorative elements that can rub or squeeze the skin. Despite the fact that the wet callus is formed much faster than dry and causes more discomfort to a person, it is easier to cure it.
Wet calluses should not be opened by yourself and, moreover, cut off the skin above the wound surface. Such actions can lead to infection in the wound.
The bubble and the skin around it should be treated with alcohol, a solution of hydrogen peroxide. It is advisable not to stick an adhesive plaster on the corn. However, if you cannot change the rubbing shoes, then, of course, it is better to use a patch so as not to injure the corn even more.
It is necessary to treat callus several times a day, and, of course, it should be excluded from further injury. Even after self-exposure of the callus, the skin that formed the bladder cannot be removed.
A damaged area on the skin can be lubricated with salicylic ointment several times a day, which will help to get rid of calluses on feet and prevent infection in the wound.
For rapid and effective treatment of wet calluses, you can use a special corn plaster, which should not be confused with a simple bactericidal plaster.
Any means to get rid of calluses on feet are applied to a clean, dry surface. So, before applying the ointment or sticking on the patches, you need to wash your feet with soap and dry your skin well.
Ways to Treat Dry Calluses on Feet
Dry calluses on the legs can also be cured at home if need be. If callosities are chronic, then more than one procedure may be needed. Removal of dry corns is performed mechanically after they are softened.
To soften the calluses ointments and patches can be used. The substance of these should include keratolytic properties.
The simplest and most budget option is a salicylic ointment or a softening cream with urea.
Ointments, creams, plasters and other products are applied only to the corn itself. Before applying the drugs, it is recommended to steam the skin of the legs in a salt bath.
In order to avoid getting drugs on healthy adjacent skin areas, you can paste on the corn patch, which previously cut out the hole by its size and shape.
On the callus is applied the necessary amount of ointment or cream (according to the instructions for use of the drug), and then pasted on the whole piece of patch.
The emollient is left under the patch for up to 12 hours (the time at which the medicine is applied is usually also indicated in the instructions to it), after which the softened dead tissue is removed mechanically. Just gently scrape it off with pumice or blade.
Ways to Treat a Hard Callus
The latest stage of the development of dry callus is the core or callus corn. Running on hard corns let the root into the skin, causing severe pain and tingling.
Do not even think how to get rid of calluses on feet at home. In this case, it is better to immediately turn to a specialist.
Treatment of such calluses occurs only with the help of a doctor and special devices. If the upper keratinous part of such formations can be removed in the same way as the hard corn, then the specialist left in the depth of the skin should be removed.
There are several ways to get rid of the corn callus. Drilling is considered the most reliable way.
With the help of special equipment, a deepening is made in the place of the lesion, in which medicinal preparations are laid.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Calluses on Feet
Calluses can be cured independently, at home. To do this, you need to regularly make half-hour foot baths with salt or a special liquid.
After the skin breaks up and softens on the problem areas, they are treated with pumice and lubricate the feet with a moisturizing cream. Combat these calluses with masks that are easy to prepare at home. Here are some of the best and time-tested recipes for homemade masks
- Mask of Oatmeal
Fill in the water with oatmeal.
Apply a warm thick layer on the feet, wrap in polyethylene, put on cosmetic socks and leave for a few hours.
It is better to spend this procedure at night.
In the morning, wash your feet with warm water, rub pumice and apply a cream.
- Onion Mask
The application procedure is the same as for a mask of oatmeal, only the ingredient is grated on a grater.
Such a mask should not be applied if there are cracks or wounds on the legs.
The reason is it might cause irritation on those cracks.
- Blue Clay Mask
It is necessary to mix 3-4 tbsp. clay powder and 3 tbsp. castor oil.
All heated in a water bath with frequent stirring until the formation of sour cream consistency. Then apply to the problem areas, avoiding healthy skin areas.
The mask is applied hot and wrapped in a dense cloth.
After 10-15 minutes, the application is removed and rinsed with warm water. The procedure is carried out 2-3 times a week.
You can remove the burrs with the help of finished cosmetic foot masks, which are sold in a pharmacy or in a cosmetics store.
Such a tool is applied to the steamed skin for 10-20 minutes, and then washed off with water.
Ways to Prevent Calluses on Feet
To prevent the occurrence of calluses on the feet should be properly selected shoes and carefully monitor their hygiene. Some of the precautions to avoid calluses are as follows.
- Regularly wash your feet and make warm baths for them. After this, you should resort to pumice, moisturizing cream.
- Do pedicure regularly. For this, it is not necessary to visit expensive beauty salons, a pedicure is easy to make at home. And it’s quite simple to do it.
- Shoes that you wear should be made from natural materials, such as leather and suede. Such shoes will allow the feet to breathe, and they will not sweat.
- Use special antiperspirants for the feet. Now a large number of different brands of such antiperspirants are being sold. This means you need to wipe your shoes and legs in the places of greatest contact with each other and this will help to avoid rubbing.
- Gel special inserts also will not allow rubbing. Liners are of different shapes and sizes like heel, interdigital, for sandals straps and in the form of insoles. All of them protect the foot from friction, sliding, and prevent rubbing and thereby the appearance of calluses.
As you can see, there are many ways to get rid of calluses on feet some even at home. However, it is still best to prevent them beforehand. It is better not to allow your legs to such a state that calluses are formed on them. Healthy legs are a matter of pride of every person and an indicator of well-being. So, just take care of your legs now rather than later.